After a tough match with the Israeli chess program Deep Junior In 2003, Kasparov was to face another electronic opponent.
The former world champion was asked to cross swords With an old acquaintance – Fritz’s very strong chess program.In addition, the year before, Fritz had played a draw match with Vladimir Kramnik, then the human world champion.The program had also performed well at world championships among its fellow human beings, although it had only won the world champion title once, way back in 1995.
The creators of Fritz, together with X3D Technologies, offered know-how in the form of a 3D program interface.For deep dive into chess nirvana they suggested to replace good old tree with detailed stereo image of the board and pieces.
The game was supposed to be played with 3D glasses, and the pieces had to be rearranged by voice commands. You could control the board (turn it, move it closer, move it farther away) with a special joystick.
On the photo : view of the board on the monitor without 3D glasses. →
To promote the new product and it was decided to have this match in November 2003. The revolutionary interface was accompanied by quite solid hardware. The program was thinking over the moves, using 4Intel Xeon processors with a frequency of 2.8 GHz. This made it possible to process almost 4 million positions per second. The visualization of the highest quality was provided by a designer monitor.
The match was again held in New York. Kasparov was offered a handsome sum of $150, 000for four exhibition matches. If he managed to gain an overall victory in the match, the grandmaster would get another 50, 000on top, and 25, 000 if there was a draw.
So the prize money in case of defeat ($150, 000) was not that much different from winning ($200, 000) or draw ($175, 000). The main thing, as they say, is not winning, but participating. Especially if it’s not so much a sporting event as a promotional one.
1st batch. Kasparov – X3D Fritz. ½:½
Given the short distance of the match, Kasparov did not bother with the robot and rushed to attack in white. Already on the first moves the white pawn "g" Decisively rushed forward two fields at once. On the 20th move Harry won the quality, while continuing to build up the most dangerous initiative. The electronic grandmaster walked on the edge of the abyss, but did not cross the invisible line that separated him from falling into the abyss. With the remaining forces the machine organized eternal check and the battle draw was fixed (see diagram).
Kasparov remained unsatisfied with his own level of play, believing that he could, in principle, have brought the game to victory.
"I just couldn’t fully adjust to the new conditions of the game – making moves with my voice, seeing everything in three dimensions. Despite this, my position was better, and in the course of the game several times there were situations when I could increase my advantage. It seems to me that the computer slightly overestimated its capabilities.
2nd batch. X3D Fritz- Kasparov. 1:0
Kasparov, who played black, easily leveled the position and made the last preparations before attacking the enemy king. However, the assault on the enemy citadel foiled a rough yawn. You can see the consequences in the diagram. Garik unsuccessfully moved his rook from the square f7 to the neighboring g7 and payback for negligence was immediate – the white rook immediately blew away the infantryman to e5 This is not a sacrifice, but a simple tactical strike – if the black pawn takes the balky rook, the white queen takes an equivalent piece on f8 This chess trick is called " X-ray ". Black’s position crumbled and after a few moves the man stopped the clock.
Kasparov explained his misstep by his damn 3D glasses. By the second game Garik was still not used to the unusual conditions. However realistic the virtual board and pieces might look, they still did not feel like real pieces. In addition, his eyes got tired of the device.
3rd party. Kasparov – X3D Fritz. 1:0
Kasparov knows how to win back quickly and already in the next game, he caught the computer at an unfavorable opening variation.
On the diagram the position after Black’s 41st move, which can be called " Suvorov’s crossing of the Alps ". A pedestrian "mountain chain" stretches across the board, at the very edge of the board the White army is prepared to penetrate through a narrow pass into enemy territory. Black is unable to prevent the invasion. Kasparov evened the score.
"There are still a lot of positions that machines just don’t understand. Unfortunately, it’s hard to compete with machines in the quality of counting – we’re left to find those positions, and get programs into them."
4th batch. X3D Fritz – Kasparov. ½:½
The last bout came up short. The diagram shows the most spectacular moment of the encounter – the sides simultaneously threaten each other with the checkmate. How would you play here (White’s move), dear reader?
The computer played correctly and after 3moves the game and the match ended in a draw.
In general, both sides were happy with the overall draw. Kasparov, in his own words, was "glad to have played such a good match", and you must agree that it was nice to earn almost 44, 000 dollars for each game.
Inthe photo : Garry Kasparov
repper boxer basketball player hockey player Anson Carter studying 3D versions of each other.
The creators of X3D Fritz squeezed the marketing dividends out of the match to the max. It took more than a million dollars to organize the competition, but the sales paid for all the expenses.
Although the organizers threatened to hold annual stereo battles with the world’s leading grandmasters, no other notable competitions in the three-dimensional format followed. Still, the 2nd game seemed to be enough of an argument for chess players to refrain from such experiments. In subsequent years there were more matches of Fritz with world champions (Kramnik, Kasymdzhanov), but the board and pieces were ordinary.
One of the promotional photos of the event. Standing to the right is Kathy Horn, Miss New York 2003 and also a part-time opera soprano and programmer for
This is my final article on Garry Kasparov’s struggle with the collective artificial mind. The commercial 3D chess match was the last duel of the famous chess player with the strongest of the gaming robots. In a year and a half, Kasparov will officially announce the end of his sporting career.
And then the chess confrontation between people and machines will become irrelevant at all – my co-author will tell about this in the epilogue Rom77 To whom I give the final word:
" After Kasparov. Computer chess – results and prospects ".
|Garry Kasparov||½||0||1||½||+1, –1, =2||2|
|X3D Fritz||½||1||0||½||+1, –1, =2||2|
Slavic protection – 1, 3
Spanish party – 2
Queen ‘s Gambit – 4
View all games turn by turn at ChessGames
Fritz program page in Russian Wikipedia Article about the match in English Wikipedia
On YouTube you can find an archive of the broadcast of Game 4 ( 1st part , 2nd part ), as well as see short report about the match from the program "Vesti".
All articles in the series Kasparov – Deep Thought. A game in one gate
First offenders. Fritz and Genius.
Kasparov v. Deep Blue. Part I: Black Box
Kasparov v. Deep Blue. Part II: The Philadelphia Experiment
Kasparov vs. Deep Blue. Part III: Intermatches
Kasparov v. Deep Blue. Part IV: New York Secrets.
Kasparov vs. Deep Junior. Return to New York
3D Chess Show : Kasparov VS Fritz
After Kasparov. Computer chess – results and prospects