Home Legislation in IT “Autonomous Runet” and white lists on the Internet will cost Roskomnadzor 5 billion rubles

“Autonomous Runet” and white lists on the Internet will cost Roskomnadzor 5 billion rubles

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The government passed a decree on the procedure of granting subsidies from the federal budget for such tasks as creation of the Center of monitoring and management of the public communication network with the necessary infrastructure for the organization.Roskomnadzor Should determine the organization that will receive subsidies from the state
The contractor shall perform a number of tasks, including development of hardware and software tools to monitor and control the public Internet traffic routes, ensuring collection of information on addresses, numbers of autonomous systems and links between them, traffic routes in the Internet, and management of software and hardware tools to ensure the security of the Russian segment of the Internet, commissioning of the filter system
In addition, the organization will have to process and analyze information about the work of telecom operators, the functioning of communication networks, including the passage of traffic across networks, plus store data about the topology of the public network. A Russian organization that is not under foreign control and has no debts to the budget will be able to receive subsidies.
The number of employees of the Center for Monitoring and Management of the network is limited – the size of the staff cannot exceed 70 people. The head enterprise of the service is the "Main Radio Frequency Center". (GRSC). Initially GRSC collected funds from communication operators for the use of radio frequency spectrum and expertise of electromagnetic compatibility. It then began to create a media monitoring system for Roskomnadzor, ensuring the operation of the Registry of banned Internet sites. Most likely, this center will receive the subsidies mentioned above.
The organization selected by Roskomnadzor will be able to engage other structures to perform the work entrusted to it. According to the rules approved by the Government, in 2019 the expenditures on payment for the work of outside structures must not exceed 95% of the total amount of subsidies. In 2020, this threshold will be lowered to 70%, in 2021 to 60%, and in 2022-2024 to half of the total amount of subsidies. – to half of the total volume of subsidies.
The creation of the Center began with the development of the draft law "On Critical Infrastructure of the Internet". This document prescribed the functions of the State Information System. Thus, it was to contain information about autonomous Internet systems (AIS, organizations with their own pool of IP-addresses), Internet traffic exchange points (IX), cross-border Internet backbones and the national domain zone.
In 2017, the first version of the program "Digital Economy" was adopted, along with a plan for the implementation of activities under the section "Information Security" and other sections. The document specified the amount budgeted for the creation of the Communications Network Monitoring Center – 500 million rubles. Another 2.1 billion rubles were to be allocated for the creation of the National Certification Center and different software to manage the elements of GIS "Internet".
But the Internet GIS bill was not approved by the government. Instead, it was submitted to the State Duma in 2018. A tougher bill, "On the Autonomous Internet." which was developed by Senators Lyudmila Bokovaya, Andrei Klishas, and Andrei Lugovoi. The document suggests the mandatory installation by Internet providers of special equipment, which is managed by Roskomnadzor.
Estimated and actual The costs of implementing "Autonomous Runet" are steadily increasing Since mid-2018, when the transformation of the "Digital Economy" program into a national program began, it was planned to increase spending on critical Internet infrastructure to 3.2 billion rubles. Funds were allocated by the federal project "Information Security", approved by the Government Commission on Digital Development, the use of IT to improve the quality of life and the conditions for doing business.
The funds were planned to be spent on the purchase of software and hardware for monitoring and management of public communication networks. Then there was an appendix to the federal project. This is a decision of the Security Council’s interdepartmental commission of October 9, 2018. In it, the cost of the "Sovereign Internet" is increased 10 times compared to the amount laid out in the federal project – up to 30.8 billion rubles. Most of them are supposed to be allocated for the purchase of equipment to manage the networks of Internet providers.
The law itself was signed by the President of Russia in early May 2019, despite the fact that the Security Council approved the costs of the relevant measures back in October 2018. This was done even before the relevant bill was submitted to parliament, let alone the approval of the law. The Security Council increased the cost of ensuring the collection of information about the addresses and numbers of autonomous systems and work with technical means of controlling communication networks – from 951 million rubles to 4.5 billion.
Of this amount 480 million will go for the creation of a distributed system of management and monitoring of information security as part of the development of the Russian state segment of the Internet Rsnet (will serve government agencies). Another 240 million will be spent on software and hardware development for collecting and storing information about addresses, numbers of autonomous systems and connections between them. And 200 million will be spent on the development of means to ensure sustainable and safe operation of the domain name system.
At the same time, the Security Council refused to allocate 1 billion rubles to the federal project "Information Security" for creation of the National Certification Center. Spending on two events was halved. Thus, 170 million rubles will be spent on the development of tools to ensure monitoring of traffic routes on the Internet, and 145 million rubles – on the development of tools for monitoring and management of public communication networks. Initially the expenses for each of the events were estimated at Br343 million.
Now the Federal Information Security Project has clarified the responsibilities of the GRSC. So, the organization will be engaged in the development of means of monitoring and management of communication networks, development of means of monitoring of traffic routes on the Internet, purchase and work with means of management of communication networks. Subsidies for implementation of the plan will be distributed by the Government by a special decree.
The same project also outlines the range of responsibilities of Rostelecom. The organization will be responsible for developing means of collecting and storing information about addresses and numbers of autonomous systems, developing means of functioning domain names and creating a national certification center. Rostelecom will perform two of these activities at its own expense.
In addition to the "Sovereign Internet", the Government points to the need to create a system of filtering Internet traffic when children use information resources. It is planned to implement a "white list" model, which will help ensure access to Internet sites that are safe for children. The cost of this project is 120 million rubles.
The total cost of activities for which Roskomnadzor will allocate funds will be 4.96 billion rubles. The federal budget for 2019-2021 for Roskomnadzor includes only funds for the creation of the Center for Monitoring and Management of Public Communications Networks in the amount of 1.82 billion rubles. Including 597 million rubles will be allocated in 2019, 699 million rubles. – In 2020 and 546 million rubles. – in 2021.

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