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Beware: black carbon!

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Beware: black carbon!
Wandering around the nasa web site looking for interesting photos and came across a hitherto unknown to me concept of black carbon. Not having found any useful information in my native language, I decided to publish a short review of the term.
Black carbon, commonly known as soot, is formed by incomplete combustion of fossil fuels, biofuels, and biomass, and is emitted in both anthropogenic and natural cases of carbon pollution. Black carbon heats the planet by absorbing heat in the atmosphere and reducing albedo, the ability to reflect sunlight, when deposited on snow and ice. Black carbon stays in the atmosphere for days to weeks, while carbon dioxide can stay in the atmosphere for more than 100 years
As interest in Earth’s climate change heats up, a tiny dark particle finds itself in the spotlight.
Black carbon is a powerful climate forcing agent, estimated to be the second largest contributor to global warming after carbon dioxide. Since black carbon only stays in the atmosphere for a few weeks, reducing its distribution may be the fastest way to slow down climate change in the near future.
Black carbon is found all over the world, but its presence and impact is particularly strong in Asia. The high levels of black carbon of the Tibetan Plateau probably affect the region’s temperature, clouds, and monsoon season.
detailed original on wiki
more joking : The IPCC estimates that the impact of black carbon on the climate is as much as 55% of the CO2 impact, which is greater than the impact of other greenhouse gases such as CH4, chlorofluorocarbons, N2O, or tropospheric ozone.
In some areas, such as the Himalayas, the impact of black carbon on melting snow and glaciers can be equal to that of CO2. Black carbon emissions also contribute significantly to melting Arctic ice, which is important because nothing in the climate is more precisely delineated than the 0°C boundary that separates frozen water from liquid water-the bright, reflective snow and ice from the dark, heat-absorbing ocean. Consequently, reducing such emissions may be, the most effective way to mitigate Arctic warming that is known.
pay attention : Soot or black carbon should not be confused with Carbon Black (carbon black) [C.A.S. NO. 1333-86-4], practically pure carbon in the form of colloidal particles that result from incomplete combustion or thermal decomposition of gaseous or liquid hydrocarbons in under controlled conditions. Externally, it is a black, finely dispersed pellet or powder. Its use for tires, rubber and plastic products, printing inks and coatings is related to physical surface properties, particle size and structure, electrical conductivity and color. Current global production is about 18 billion pounds per year [8.1 million tons]. About 90% of carbon black is used in the manufacture of rubber, 9% as a pigment, and the remaining 1% as the main ingredient in hundreds of different products.
Black carbon and carbon black, on the other hand, contain large amounts of dichloromethane- and toluene-extractable substances, and can exhibit ash content of 50% or more.

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