European Parliament issued a resolution calling for a ban on police using facial recognition to track criminals and prevent crime using neural networks. In addition, the document calls for a ban on private facial recognition bases like Clearview AI and social rating systems. Proposal to discuss at an upcoming meeting about " AI law ".
As stated in the resolution, the European Parliament examined all current advances in AI when making the proposal. It did not find systems that match the flexibility of human thinking in solving tasks that require contextual understanding and critical analysis. Meanwhile, neural networks are increasingly being used not only for face detection, but also for crime prevention. For example, according to various markers, cameras estimate the potential harm that can be caused by a person. The paper writes that law enforcement agencies promise to use neural networks to reduce crimes and make more objective judgments, but these promises are not always kept.
The list of factors taken into account also included a point about improving the efficiency of law enforcement. The European Parliament took into account the fact that facial recognition systems make the work of the police easier. But, according to him, at the same time, the use of neural networks carries significant risks for the population, disproportionate to the benefits received. Neural networks and data security systems themselves are at different stages of development in different agencies and countries. Not all countries and organizations provide a sufficient level of data security and a well-developed system of legal liability for data leakage.
The MEP’s main concerns relate to the collection and security of sensitive data. Facial recognition and other systems based on neural networks help law enforcement agencies in their work. But they also pose significant risks to the public because of poorly designed security systems and imperfections in the neural networks themselves.
The European Parliament calls for a moratorium on the introduction of facial recognition systems for law enforcement purposes. It admits, however, that technology will emerge in the future to meet all of Parliament’s requirements. With the current level of technology, the widespread introduction of facial recognition systems is unacceptable.