The Ministry of Communications has submitted a draft of the national program "Digital Economy" to the government, which strengthens the requirements for information security, reports "Kommersant." According to the new rules, the share of internal Runet traffic that will be routed through foreign servers should drop to 5% by 2024.
The draft of the national program was prepared with the support of the Analytical Center "AC" under the Government of the Russian Federation. The duration of the program for the development of the digital economy is until 2024. The project was prepared to implement the May Decree of the President of the Russian Federation. According to it, by 2024, the authorities must increase domestic spending on the development of the digital economy by three times compared to 2017. In addition, support is required to create a sustainable and secure information and telecommunications infrastructure for high-speed transmission, processing and storage of large amounts of data.
As for government agencies, they should switch to the use of predominantly domestic software. In the draft of the national program indicator for the share of domestic network traffic of the Russian segment of the Internet, which is routed through foreign servers, to 5% by 2024. The document also states that the five basic directions of the state program will be supplemented by three more. These are "Digital government", "Ecosystem of support for projects of digital economy" and "Digital space of Eurasian Economic Union". The programs provide for the introduction of digital technologies and platform solutions in public administration, as well as in the provision of public services. It is planned to create a system of financing breakthrough projects and to develop and implement a coordinated policy of the Eurasian Economic Union countries in the field of digital economy.
The plan indicates the need for digital transformation in areas such as energy, construction, health, industry, education, agriculture, urban agriculture and transportation. All these areas will be supervised by the relevant ministries. The project provides for the continuity of previously approved plans and activities in the five basic areas of the state program with the same name.
This was said by the acting head of the AC, Vladislav Onishchenko. He was complemented by Vladimir Mesropyan, Deputy Head of the Project Office for the implementation of the "Digital Economy" program: "Only the "Digital Governance" direction will be new, while the mechanism of interaction with the EAEC and the project support mechanism will most likely be integrated into the other six directions. These plans will be clarified, the composition of activities for some tasks and the timing of their implementation may be revised, but the main objectives, tasks and milestones will not be radically changed.
The final version of the national program will be submitted to the Presidential Council for Priority Projects by October 1.
The Ministry of Communications has already submitted a draft of the national program "Digital Economy" to the government apparatus. According to representatives of the apparatus, the program will be finalized in accordance with established procedure with the interested federal executive bodies and the expert community.
As for the participants in the management system of the national program, they include President Vladimir Putin and Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev, Deputy Prime Minister Maxim Akimov, Head of the Ministry of Communications Konstantin Noskov and Minister of Economic Development Maxim Oreshkin, Deputy Head of the AC Evgeny Kislyakov, General Director of the ANO "Digital Economy" Evgeny Kovnir. Dmitry Peskov became Special Representative of the President for Digital and Technological Development.
For the first time on restricting routing of Russian traffic spoke representatives of the Ministry of Communications back in the past year. According to the officials, most of this traffic should stay inside the country to avoid wiretaps or modifications of any kind. At the same time, Rostelecom stated that it is not very expensive and complicated for Russian providers to change routing. Now the main routing points for Internet traffic are Frankfurt, Stockholm and Amsterdam. The cost of connecting to the network in these regions is three times lower than in Russia.
UPD. A couple of hours ago it became known about the real numbers of routing of domestic Russian traffic through foreign networks of the Documentary Telecommunications Association from November 30, 2017. Large telecom operators participated in this study. The conclusion reads literally as follows : "the maximum volume of loop traffic (by prevailing directions) from the total volume of traffic received from abroad is 2.37%, the average value is 1.61%. It turns out that the figure they plan to reach by 2024 is higher than the current one.