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HPE ProLiant Gen8 and Gen9 vs.Gen10 servers

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The HPE ProLiant family of servers now includes several dozen models of several generations.There are quite a lot of detailed descriptions of individual models.However, it is often necessary to cover the big picture and compare models in one glance.In this article we focus on a comparison of some of the most common Gen8 and Gen9 servers with the Gen10 which came out this year.
HPE ProLiant Gen8 and Gen9 vs.Gen10 servers
Obviously, IT must operate at the speeds demanded by modern business and be a gas pedal of new ideas, products and services. To build rapidly gaining popularity hybrid solutions need an appropriate IT infrastructure that combines cloud economy and "agility" (agility) with the security of the local (on-premises) data center.
HPE ProLiant servers are designed to make it easy to build enterprise hybrid information technology (Hybrid IT). According to external independent testing conducted in May 2017, HPE ProLiant is recognized as the most secure industry standard servers in the world.
More than 1 million customers around the world have built their business on HPE ProLiant servers. Currently, the following server lines are available in rack and tower configurations.
– HPE ProLiant Easy Connect
— HPE ProLiant MicroServer
– HPE ProLiant DL
— HPE ProLiant ML
All four families are designed for many types of workloads, but each is optimized for specific use cases.
HPE ProLiant Easy Connect
Exterior view of the EC200a (left) and ML110 servers in the entry illustration
HPE ProLiant Easy Connect Managed Hybrid Servers provide remotely managed services offered by HPE partners as a 1, 3, or 5-year subscription, paid monthly or annually. They provide secure and reliable access to Windows, Linux and SaaS applications. These managed solutions reduce Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) for remote outlets and offices
Note. Hereinafter official photos and tables from the website are used https://www.hpe.com /
HPE ProLiant MicroServer
HPE ProLiant Gen8 and Gen9 vs.Gen10 servers
Exterior view of MicroServer Gen8 (left) and Gen10
Compact, quiet, and stylish, the HPE ProLiant MicroServer is positioned as "the ideal first solution for micro and small businesses."
HPE ProLiant MicroServer Gen10 supports 4K streaming media with dual display ports. It comes with pre-installed, easy-to-use ClearOS and Small Office / Home Office (SOHO) applications.
MicroServer helps reduce costs while improving performance and efficiency. Its form factor is easy to maintain without the need for a dedicated server room.
HPE ProLiant DL
HPE ProLiant Gen8 and Gen9 vs.Gen10 servers
Appearance of DL380 Gen9 (left) and Gen10 servers

HPE ProLiant Gen8 and Gen9 vs.Gen10 servers
DL560 Gen9 (left) and Gen10 appearance
Secure and versatile, optimized rack mount servers that offer high performance, excellent manageability and expandability.
HPE ProLiant ML
HPE ProLiant Gen8 and Gen9 vs.Gen10 servers
Exterior view of ML350 Gen9 servers in enclosure (left) and rackmount versions
The perfect choice for a remote office or division as well as growing companies. While the DL server family includes the most flexible, reliable, performance-optimized rack mount servers available, the ML provides the greatest business value in rack-based solutions.
Series overview (1st half of 2017)
HPE ProLiant 10 series Small Scale Servers. They are inexpensive and easy to deploy.
HPE ProLiant 100 series "Just the right servers" (Right Sized Servers). Provide the best combination of performance, efficiency, capabilities and manageability.
HPE ProLiant 300 series Versatile Performance Servers. Industry-leading design with flexible choices for a variety of computing and storage workloads.
HPE ProLiant 500 series Scale-up Servers. Scalable for critical workloads in any business.
For a preliminary tentative calculation of economic performance, the HPE server TCO calculator
For more information on the architecture, including full configurations, calibration, BOM, and deployment details, see here
For many users, the HPE MicroServer will be the best choice, at least at first. The Gen10 has improved its features.
HPE ProLiant solution options
To build a modern and optimized IT environment, you can choose from a variety of HPE Rack and Power Infrastructure options. It contains the following components.
– racks with many height, width and depth options;
– Power Distribution Units (PDUs), from minimal to enterprise scale;
– Uninterruptible Power Supplies (UPS) in various capacities and sizes;
– Virtual Machine (VM) solutions;
– other hardware elements of rack solutions.
HPE ProLiant Gen10 racks deliver a 71% increase in performance with new Intel Xeon Processor Scalable Family processors and a 66% increase in memory bandwidth for memory-intensive applications.
Bandwidth comparison of Gen10 and Gen9 servers (July 2017).
Gen10 = 12 Channels x 2666 data rate x 8 bytes = 256 GB/sec.
Gen9 = 8 channels x 2400 x 8 bytes = 154 GB/sec.
256/154 = 1.66 i.e., the Gen10 bandwidth is 66% greater.
HPE ProLiant Gen10 server technologies
Sagacity Intelligent System Tuning (IST) optimizes performance. Includes Jitter Smoothing, Core Boosting, and Workload Matching.
– Intel Xeon Processor Scalable Family provides more cores and higher throughput.
– Increased server performance is achieved by HPE SmartMemory with 2666 MT/s (megatransfers per second) and Fast Fault Tolerance technology.
– Servers are equipped with the fastest persistent memory (Persistent Memory), which can reach terabyte level.
– Ensures easy selection, deployment, management and support of HPE server infrastructure over the entire lifecycle with HPE OneView 3.1, HPE iLO 5 and iLO Amplifier Pack.
Security is provided by a number of technologies
– Implemented protection against cyber attacks with Silicon Root of Trust.
– Malware and malware detection with Run-time Firmware Verification.
– Initial or safe settings are restored with Secure Recovery.
– Advanced security is achieved with iLO 5 Advanced Premium Security Edition.
– Hardware security options include Trusted Platform Module (TPM), Chassis Intrusion Detection Kit and Secure NICs.
Gen10 Transition Guide
The Gen10 family offers options that meet every possible workload need. HPE FlexibleLOM, HPE Flexible Smart Array, HPE SmartMemory, NVMe, Persistent Memory and other solution components are available for greater flexibility. For a full list of options and details, see QuickSpecs
The Gen10 line of servers was created based on the development experience of previous generations of HPE ProLiant and customer feedback. The tables below provide official information on the evolution of HPE ProLiant servers from Gen8 to Gen10, as well as specifications for the HPE MicroServer Gen8, HPE DL380 Gen9, and HPE DL560 Gen9 ─ for when a valid comparison with their Gen10 counterparts is possible. For HPE ProLiant Easy Connect and HPE ProLiant ML, no such comparison has yet been published by the developer.
HPE ProLiant Gen8 and Gen9 vs.Gen10 servers
Tab. 2. Comparative characteristics of HPE MicroServer Gen8 and Gen10
The most notable change to the HPE MicroServer Gen10 is the replacement of the Intel Xeon processor with an AMD Opteron. The performance of the RAM and storage subsystems has improved.
HPE ProLiant Gen8 and Gen9 vs.Gen10 servers
HPE ProLiant Gen8 and Gen9 vs.Gen10 servers
Tab. 3. DL380 Gen9 and Gen10 comparative specifications
The positioning of the HPE ProLiant 300 series all-in-one servers is virtually unchanged. The DL380 Gen10 features have been optimized rather than significantly improved.
HPE ProLiant Gen8 and Gen9 vs.Gen10 servers
HPE ProLiant Gen8 and Gen9 vs.Gen10 servers
Tab. 4. DL560 Gen9 and Gen10 comparative specifications
HPE ProLiant 500 series expandable servers have undergone the most significant changes in the data and power subsystems.
HPE ProLiant Gen8 and Gen9 vs.Gen10 servers
HPE ProLiant Gen8 and Gen9 vs.Gen10 servers
Note. In all tables, the asterisk beside the characteristic indicates its introduction in the second half of 2017.
Advanced functionality and added value with HPE Server Options
The standard building blocks of every HPE server are DDR memory, storage, and network adapters, which together are called HPE Server Options. They are designed to provide the highest performance for any workload, operate with high, consistent reliability, and be attractive from an economic standpoint.
In summary, ProLiant Gen10 servers configured with HPE Server Options are the ideal solution for any application workload and any IT environment, ─ from SMB to large enterprise data center.
HPE Server Options integrate with many HPE system management tools for easy installation, configuration, and support, reducing operating costs compared to non-HPE components. HPE offers a wide range of storage, memory, network adapters, and processor options.
HPE Memory Choosing the right memory is the key to obtaining the highest consumer value, system reliability and a faster return on IT investment.The HPE portfolio includes HPE Standard Memory for typical workloads and HPE SmartMemory for memory-intensive workloads.Customers can choose from a variety of HPE memory types and DIMM module sizes to optimize server performance and efficiency.
HPE Server Storage HPE Server Storage for ProLiant Gen10 servers includes hard disk drives (HDDs), solid-state drives (SSDs), and Smart Array Controllers.HPE’s new line of enterprise-grade RAID controllers for Gen10 servers help maximize performance, data availability, and storage capacity.
They deliver up to 1.6 million Input/Output per Second (IOPS) and 65% better performance, while consuming up to 45% less power than previous generation controllers.
The new mixed mode gives customers high flexibility by using both HBA (Host Bus Adapter) and RAID at the same time, on a single controller, freeing up a PCIe slot for other uses. HPE ─ Smart Array S-Class software RAID, Smart Array E-Class and P-Class controllers are available.
For entry-level solutions with SATA drives, HPE Smart Array Software RAID is the most appropriate. Its features include RAID 0/1/5/10 levels, 6G SATA support, and access to the Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI) configuration tool.
Cost-effective HPE Smart Array E-Class Controllers implement simple RAID for Software-Defined Storage (SDS) with enterprise-class reliability and security. Its main features are ─ RAID on Chip (ROC) and implementation of RAID levels 0/1/5/10.
These controllers operate in mixed mode, encrypt any drive connected to them using HPE Smart Array SR Secure Encryption, and provide the administrator with a UEFI configuration tool.
Maximum enterprise-class storage performance is achieved with HPE Smart Array P-Class Controllers.
These controllers are supported in HPE ProLiant racks and enclosures, BladeSystem, Apollo servers, and Synergy Compute Modules. Their main features ─ Raid-on-Chip (ROC) technology, Flash-Backed Write Cache (FBWC) support and advanced RAID levels 0/1/5/6/10/50/60/1 ADM/10 ADM.
The controller operates in mixed mode, encrypts any attached drive with HPE Smart Array SR Secure Encryption and provides UEFI. It is available for three types of workloads ─ enterprise (performance optimization), medium business (capacity optimization) and small business. It has SAS (12G) and SATA (6G) interfaces and allows two drive form factors ─ SFF (2.5") and LFF (3.5").
Enterprise-class hard drives (15K and 10K SAS) deliver the highest levels of application performance and reliability for demanding I/O-intensive applications.
Mid-range (SAS/SATA 7.2K) hard drives deliver high performance and reliability for most business applications.
Entry-level hard drives are designed for the non-critical needs of today’s storage environment applications. These drives have sufficient performance and the lowest cost ($/GB) value.
Further speeding up the execution of data-intensive applications in enterprise environments is achieved by using Solid-State Drives (SSDs) with high performance and low latency.
HPE SSDs are available in six form factors ─ SFF (2.5 inch), LFF (3.5 inch), M.2, M.2 Enablement Kits, Mezzanine and Add-in Cards. They are available in three categories divided by target workload level ─ Read Intensive, Mixed Use and Write Intensive.
Workload is defined as Drive Writes Per Day (DWPD) and is usually calculated using the formula
DWPD = (GB/Day) / Capacity
I.e., how many disk volumes are written per day. HPE also defines DWPD as "the maximum number of 4K host writes to the entire SSD disk capacity per day over a five-year period."
Read Intensive SSD , usually have the lowest price and endurance <= 1 DWPD. They are ideal for downloading applications, web servers, and reading caches.
Write Intensive SSD Typically have the highest read performance with DWPD > = 10. Ideal for On-Line Transaction Processing (OLTP), Business Intelligence, and Big Data analytics applications.
Mixed Use SSD are used for undefined workloads that need a balance between high write and read performance. They have a DWPD value of 1-10. Ideal for applications with large I/O flows.
All HPE server drives are supported by HPE Digitally Signed Firmware, which prevents unauthorized access to data. Each drive has been tested for 3.35 million hours of uptime. For more information see here
HPE Persistent Memory HPE offers the broadest range of persistent memory on the market, consisting of high-performance NVDIMM and HPE Scalable Persistent Memory ─ an integrated storage solution. The solution runs at DRAM speeds, combining memory performance with storage stability. To date, HPE Scalable Persistent Memory has only been supported on DL380 Gen10 servers.
HPE Scalable Persistent Memory contains three main components ─ DRAM for application acceleration, dedicated Flash memory for persistence, and a backup power supply for uninterrupted data movement from DRAM to Flash.
HPE Scalable Persistent Memory implements additional memory functions, performing validation operations up to x27 faster, and reducing database restart time by up to x20, ensuring maximum uptime.
HPE Scalable Persistent Memory can also be useful in HTAP (Hybrid Transactional / Analytical Processing), multi-row SDS caching and more. HPE NVDIMM modules of 8 GB and 16 GB (the latter available from the second half of 2017) are supported by flash DIMMs. For more information, see here
HPE Server Network Adapters. HPE Server Networking adapters help prevent, detect, and recover from cyberattacks by protecting applications, data, and the server infrastructure through programmable hardware authentication through Root of Trust architecture. They also offer Secure Boot, Device-level Firewall and other advanced security mechanisms. For more information see here
HPE Rack and Power Infrastructure HPE Rack and Power Infrastructure provides configurable out-of-the-box infrastructure solutions to meet the needs of businesses of all sizes, ─ today and into the future. HPE Rack and Power Infrastructure delivery includes a server rack as well as power and cooling systems.
HPE Power Supplies offer a variety of options for specific server, storage and IT environment configurations. This flexibility helps minimize excess power and reduce total energy costs. For more information, see here
This article does not include information about HPE add-on services for HPE ProLiant Gen10 servers that require a separate description ─ OneView, ASHRAE, iLO5, and others.

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