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Import substitution,or how Russian Helicopters did something wrong

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Import substitution,or how Russian Helicopters did something wrong
Due to the fact that approaching 2020 and the "he hour", when it will be necessary to report on the execution of the order of the Ministry of Communications on the transition to domestic software (as part of import substitution), I received a task to develop a plan, actually, on the execution of the order of the Ministry of Communications № 334 of 29.06.2017. So I started looking into it. And the first thing I came across was an article saying that "Russian Helicopters" had already done everything and that we should learn from their experience. But is everything so smooth? Let’s take a look.
Not so long ago, Mikhail Nosov, IT Director of the Russian Helicopters Holding Company, talked about how they implemented the order of the Ministry of Communications on software import substitution. He showed a presentation with figures and benefits from the transition to domestic software… And it would be OK, but there are a lot of inconsistencies…
So, in order.
For starters – The software registry of the Ministry of Communications.
This article is about the same on a bunch of sites, here example. It talks about "how you should" switch to domestic software and all that… But. Here’s one of the first pictures that shows the software suite and its cost per job :
Import substitution,or how Russian Helicopters did something wrong
And then I have a couple of questions :

  1. The cost of the Linux OS license. The thing is that "Russian Helicopters" is a military organization, they have strict requirements, they can’t just deliver untested software, only certified by FSTEC or Ministry of Defense. And the price of one such license for the same Astra Linux Special Edition which, in fact, was implemented in Helicopters, is currently 14900 rubles apiece. And on the slide we see 0 rubles.
  2. What are the purposes for which you need Kaspersky for Linux ? It wasn’t available on Windows.

About SAMBA , Zabbix and more will be below, don’t worry.
Moving on.
The picture of the Server Segment Import Substitution:
Import substitution,or how Russian Helicopters did something wrong
What do we see here? Well, at the very least Q.Virt Which? Right, also not included in the registry of the Ministry of Communications, and therefore also not suitable. There are several virtualization software in the registry, the prices are :
ROSA Virtualization 50 virtual machines costs 470, 000 rubles, one year support extension – 360, 000 rubles.
ISPSystem VMmanager 1 node 7 239 rubles. Accordingly, 50 nodes – 361, 950 rubles.
VIRTUALIZATION SOFTWARE PACKAGE "BREST" (based on AstraLinux) here in principle it is difficult to understand what they offer, but apparently – it is a hardware platform with the possibility of virtualization and remote desktops, mail server (some), DBMS (some) and another set of software. RDP for 25 users costs 401 280 rubles. License of Basic version, for small virtual infrastructure, for 3 servers ( whatever this means ) – 150 000 rubles.
The rest of the virtualization tools are not freely available, which means that there will be different prices for each Enterprise, which is not really a business, so there is no point in considering them.
And then in order :
DNS -server based on Astra Linux is nothing more than a BIND9 And it is not in the registry of the Ministry of Communications. There is only DNSmanager and it is paid from 50 domain names. You can use something other than BIND9, but it also will not be in the registry of the Ministry of Communications… So again we missed the mark.
DHCP -server is not in the registry at all. My research towards software import substitution has resulted in the fact that DHCP (and DNS) can be legally raised only on the ROSA Linux , they have their own DHCP server, but I haven’t figured out what it’s based on yet…
AD they replaced with SAMBA Again the same thing, it’s not in the registry. ROSA has a kind of authorization server, but I haven’t figured out what’s under the hood there yet.
Zabbix – same. Although it was developed by our compatriot, it is not Russian software.
GLPI – Ibid.
Bacula – Back to the same place…
Ansible – well, you get the idea…
BUT. There is one big, fat one. BUT There is unofficial information that everything included in the OS package is legitimate in terms of import substitution. Officially I have not found this information. And this calls into question the whole idea of import substitution in its current state. Because all these packages are not domestic, but as far as I can judge they were tested and certified, i.e. approved, and were included into OS register of Ministry of Communications… But if you install them separately from repositories – no way… I do not know what’s the logic and how it works…
There is also a picture of the cost of a "typical server":
Import substitution,or how Russian Helicopters did something wrong
So on the typical server, they had all of this. On every server. VMware vSphere. On every single one. Not the free Microsoft Hyper-V Core on the virtualization cluster hosts, but a VMware vSphere on each server. And a SQL Server on each. And SharePoint on top of that! I can just see their admins there getting their SharePoint and MSSQLServer licenses all over themselves! Sorry, couldn’t resist.
There is also a table with the number of users (approximate, of course, but still indicative):
Import substitution,or how Russian Helicopters did something wrong
7000 users! And only 52 million rubles for support! True, this does not include virtualization hosts, OS support for 7000 copies, renewal of support for the office suite…
At the end I bring " The recommended form of the plan-schedule for the transition of enterprises, institutions, organizations subordinate to the state body to the use of domestic office software, as well as the recommended performance indicators for the transition to the use of domestic office software for the period 2017 – 2020 ":
Import substitution,or how Russian Helicopters did something wrong
It doesn’t say 100% import substitution, which gives ample leeway for flight of thought.
What conclusions can be drawn from all this? First – do not be in a hurry to implement these bills from the first days after the release of the bills, they still have time to change ten times. Secondly – read the bills carefully, so that you don’t have to retrain your employees from one office package to another three times…
Later, when I finish developing my import substitution plan, I’ll be sure to share, so it’s not "everyone can criticize, but you go ahead and do it!"
Article About import substitution planning.
Article About choosing a domestic hypervisor.
Article About "domestic" operating systems.
Article About systems and services.
And about QP OS In addition.
The software prices quoted in the article are from SoftLine

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