Home Development for e-commerce Not an airplane, but in the clouds: Cars and cloud technology

Not an airplane, but in the clouds: Cars and cloud technology

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Not an airplane, but in the clouds: Cars and cloud technology
/ photo by Joi Ito CC
Clouds are increasingly gaining a foothold in a wide variety of activities. We’ve already written in our blog on Habra about how new technologies help in retail stores and large streaming services.
And now cloud technology has come to the automotive industry. As an example here’s Tata Motors automobile company. According to reports from Tata Motors, the use of web services in the cloud has a positive impact on the company’s operations. Cloud solutions help create new infrastructure projects in a short timeframe, from the planning stage to implementation.
With this agrees Vyacheslav Chuprakov, deputy director of STP at Terra-auto automotive holding company in St. Petersburg. The company management decided to bring business-critical services to the cloud, and for 6 years in the cloud of IaaS-provider " IT-GRAD " hosts terminal servers, gateway, database servers, active directory server, etc.
"In addition to moving the server infrastructure to the cloud, the entire telecommunications component, including email services, was moved there, and we also implemented traffic filtering. – Vyacheslav notes. – Now we can rightfully consider ourselves a "cloud company.
However, cloud technology also comes in handy during the direct operation of the car by the customer. A modern car is not only a set of mechanical elements and electronic components, but also complex software, which is the basis of programmable services to help the driver control the car.
It is known that as a result of traffic accidents every year all over the world are killed about 1.25 million people. In an effort to expand the "safety zone" around the car, Ericsson introduced the "cloud car of the future" concept based on Ericsson’s Connected Vehicle Cloud solution.
Connected Vehicle Cloud is part of a comprehensive automated system that allows connected vehicles to exchange real-time traffic data to improve the safety and efficiency of traffic flow management.
Today, the main tools for alerting the driver are road signs, while the Connected Traffic Cloud will allow you to broadcast relevant information about a particular section of the road on the on-board computer display. This concept is in line with what many drivers expect from their cars: continuous communication with the infrastructure and other drivers, the functionality of the car and the presence of electronic assistants.
Jaguar Land Rover and Volvo are also addressing these issues. Auto giant Jaguar Land Rover is exploring new technology that will allow vehicles to locate potholes, broken storm grates and manhole covers and then share that information via the cloud with other road users and road authorities.
By receiving a warning from the vehicle ahead of you, the driver gains extra time to slow down and avoid danger. This will help reduce the likelihood of a flat tire and suspension damage, which in turn reduces the likelihood of an accident.
As for Volvo, the company is developing a slippery road warning system – Volvo’s first cloud-based safety technology. When a Volvo vehicle detects an icy or slippery stretch of road, the information about it is transmitted to to the Volvo Cars database, from where it is fed to all vehicles approaching the dangerous section.
Information about the problem is also sent to the road service, supplementing the data provided by existing road infrastructure monitoring stations. This approach is intended to improve the quality of maintenance of highways by the road service during winter time.

"Cloud car diagnostics

In 2010, automakers. recalled more than 20.3 million vehicles. This is because once a vehicle leaves a dealership, its systems become a black box for manufacturers and equipment suppliers.
The current approach to recalls is reactive: a manufacturer recalls all vehicles of a particular year, make or model only after the problem has manifested itself in a large number of vehicles. This takes a long time, during which time a critical system can fail and create a threat to driver safety, which is a blow to the manufacturer’s reputation.
In addition, control modules in automobiles contain millions of lines of code, and the number of diagnostic trouble codes (DTCs) sometimes does not exceed a dozen. This means that there is a great need for systematic diagnostics of the control system software in order to detect problems at an early stage.
For this reason, a research group at the University of Pennsylvania is developing AutoPlug, an automated remote diagnostic and testing program capable of sending firmware fixes to the controlling electronic components of a car. Thus, AutoPlug acts as as an intermediary between the control modules of the vehicle and the Remote Diagnostic Center (RDC).
The Remote Diagnostic Center receives data about the condition of the vehicle over the network, and prepares a response in the form of Dynamic Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DyDTCs) that "monitor" the control modules of concern. When all the information about the problem is collected, a "patch" is generated for the controller.
Not an airplane, but in the clouds: Cars and cloud technology
Thus, the remote diagnostics system is able to detect and reprogram faulty controllers with system (and non-system) errors.
As part of this issue, you can’t ignore the MECH5 cloud-based vehicle diagnostics service, a cloud-based vehicle data analysis platform. The solution provides remote connectivity to the car, collects and transmits data about the condition of vehicle systems and provides online access to maintenance logs. In addition, the technology allows you to search for repair shops that are close to the user.
By accessing the vehicle’s electronics, MECH5 generates vehicle health reports and detects minor malfunctions, helping to prevent problems before they occur.
It is based on OBD2 protocols, responsible for data exchange between the electronic control unit and the diagnostic scanner, and OEM protocols, allowing to retrieve more detailed information. The MECH5 is able to connect to any electronic control unit and collect its indicators: condition of the air conditioner, airbags, transmission, engine, etc.
Not an airplane, but in the clouds: Cars and cloud technology
The MECH5 uses the standard VCI (Vehicle Communication Interface) to connect to the vehicle’s diagnostic connector, and with the X-Link app, arranges secure access to the cloud.
A domestic company, eZWay, is also working in the field of cloud-based vehicle diagnostics, which came out on the Russian market with gadgets for car diagnostics and a mobile application that tracks the condition of the car and the quality of driving. The set task is solved with the help of a specialized device eConomy and a mobile Android application, working in conjunction with the cloud.
Not an airplane, but in the clouds: Cars and cloud technology
The user plugs the eConomy device into the connector under the steering wheel of the vehicle, downloads the application and registers with the Auto Club. The user then continues to use the vehicle freely. As a result, statistics are accumulated for each user and stored in a database hosted in the hosting provider’s cloud.
eZWay, with its memory of accident research on the road, provides the user with useful advice, responding to his driving style. The app evaluates the smoothness of starts and brakes and warns about dangerous maneuvers. Moreover, eConomy allows you to catch the ideal moment to change gear, optimizing fuel consumption and engine load. Driving quality assessment is one of the solution’s calling cards.
In addition, eZWay is able to diagnose the engine of the car, reporting the detected problems through a mobile app. Thus, the driver controls the condition of his car and monitors the parameters of the onboard system in real time.
To summarize, it’s worth noting that cloud technology is so tightly integrated into our lives that it’s almost impossible to imagine it "cloudless." Today, the cloud in IaaS models. being a guarantee of reliability and high availability, is used to reduce road accidents and monitor the technical condition of vehicles, which undoubtedly saves money for automakers and motorists alike.
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