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Robots in the workplace

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Robots in the workplace
For a long time we have been gathering news about robots and professions.By robots, we mean virtually any automated process that replaces humans with machines. Except that a few examples :

A ghost wanders the world : robots There is a vague fear that the steady development of computing power and software will Automate many new jobs Almost everyone could end up at risk. Can a robot write this column? It seems to be quite plausible.
Oddly enough, the loudest warning comes from two digital champions, Eric Brynjolfsson and Andrew McAfee, scientists at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and authors of the book "The Second Machine Age". Digitization, they argue, creates services (Google, Facebook) and expands choice for consumers. But there is also a dark side. "Progress will leave behind some people, perhaps even many people"" they write.
It’s easy to see why. Competing with a robot can be futile. Consider a $25, 000 robot. Unlike the $25, 000 cost per employee, the robot is bought once; it can work 24 hours a day and does not need health insurance.
What is incomprehensible would be the difference from the past, when new technology created more jobs than it destroyed. The fear of technological unemployment was not born yesterday. In the early 1800s, English workers were destroying machine tools to keep these efficient machines from taking their jobs. One of the leaders of this movement was Ned Ludd. Hence the term "luddite" one who resists new technology.
In 1964, anxiety about technology led President Lyndon Johnson to create the National Commission on Automation. In 1966, the unemployment rate dropped to 3.8 percent. "Technological upheavals had been occurring for decades, and…the U.S. economy had adapted to them, "" writes economist Timothy Taylor.
One reason is that new technology tends to be associated with lower prices, higher quality, or both. This creates a huge demand.
Take the airlines, for example. After World War II, railroads still dominated intercity travel. But "greater speed and increased scale, especially after the advent of jet aircraft in the late 1950s, made trains uncompetitive. Adjusted for inflation, airfares fell. While railroad companies collapsed, airline passengers per year rose from 19 million in 1950 to 737 million in 2012. The industry employed 589, 000 full- and part-time workers in 2014.
The same logic applies nowadays. Someone has to design programs, services, and coordinate robots and other digital processes. The creation of new jobs is inevitable.
Professions will also survive in sectors that seem to be largely immune to automation – "whether child care. , elderly , or minor repairs " as former U.S. Treasury Secretary Larry Summers recently put it. Human contact is desirable or even necessary in some places. It makes sense that ATMs should have eliminated bank clerk positions. In fact, the number of tellers (about 600, 000) is now slightly above 1990 levels, Taylor notes, citing a study by James Bessen of Boston University Law School.
The fear of job loss is real, but I suspect exaggerated, because jobs were lost for other reasons (the financial crisis and the Great Recession), which made them very sensitive to any threat to their livelihood. In this climate, the specter of hordes of robots taking jobs seems realistic. However, the creation of many jobs (11.5 million since 2010) is a real rebuttal.
What New jobs have always replaced old ones is a real phenomenon, but it does not protect all people. The waves of technological advances have always left losers–people whose factories have been relocated or closed; or whose skills have become obsolete; or whose firms have succumbed to new competition. Often the new jobs are not where the old ones were, nor are they suitable for the people who have lost their jobs.
This is the crux of the problem. The new skills that will be required because of robots must be satisfied by workers. The question is whether we can adapt. The past provides a reason for certainty, but not a firm guarantee.
As recent events have shown, not everything is as perfect yet with automation as it may seem. There’s been a lot of talk about The possibility of a robot killing a human being , and now it has become a reality. As we know, just recently, on June 29, a robot stopped controlling itself at a Volkswagen plant in Germany and fatally shot one of the workers in the chest. According to a press service of Volkswagen, the worker was inside the plant at the time of the accident. The robot pressed the man against a metal plate and then squeezed his chest. The worker died when he was already taken to the hospital.
As you can see, there are always two sides to the coin, but we have great faith in a positive and productive future for automation.

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