Author of bill on obligatory pre-installation of Russian apps withdrew his document If passed, the bill would have banned the sale of smartphones and computers in Russia without pre-installed domestic software. The relevant notices are posted in the bill cards on the Duma website.
On July 3, a package of three bills was submitted to the State Duma: amendments to the law "On Protection of Consumer Rights, " the Code of Administrative Offenses (CAO), and the law "On Protection of Competition. The document banned the sale in Russia of gadgets, including smartphones, computers and TV sets with Smart TV function, which do not meet the requirements of the software installed on them.
Among other things, mandatory pre-installation software had to be secured in a specially created registry. The government was to determine how this registry would be maintained and who would be responsible for it.
Sellers faced fines for selling devices that would not meet the legal requirements. For individuals from 100 thousand to 500 thousand rubles, for companies from 500 thousand to 1 million rubles.
The amendments introduced by deputies to the law "On Protection of Competition" introduced the concept of "significant business entities" which own "ecosystems" of software. Such companies control about 35% of the market with the help of software, receive revenue mainly from Russian users, and their programs are used in several sectors of the economy at once. According to the amendments they should process data exclusively on the territory of the Russian Federation, providing non-discriminatory access to the data. The share of foreign participation in their capital should not exceed 20%.
A similar draft was proposed by the Ministry of Communications. The document mentioned the need for mandatory installation of applications created by Russian developers on smartphones and other devices supplied to the RF. As such software were mentioned maps from Yandex, applications of domestic social networks and anti-virus from Kaspersky Lab. The specific list of equipment on which the applications shall be installed as well as the list of types of software which are subject to compulsory installation shall also be determined by the government.
The draft should be published in the coming days for public comment.
A spokesman for the Ministry of Communications declined to say whether the department’s own bill on pre-installation of domestic apps would be published. The bills that Zhigarev submitted to the State Duma were not received by the ministry, and the reasons for their withdrawal from the State Duma are unknown.